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五年级上册英语辅导:unit1-5单元知识点归纳(最全整理)

2019-10-16 18:04:52
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  英语学习从来就不是一件容易的事情,最重要的是坚持和努力。下面小编给大家分享了适合五年级学生学习英语的方法诀窍,一起来看看吧!


  五年级上册知识点总结


  Unit 1 What’s he like?

  •话题:体貌特征、性格特征、优良品质

  •重点词汇:Part A:old,young,funny,kind,strict

  Part B:polite,hard-working,helpful,clever,shy

  •核心句型:Part A:-Is he young/...?-Yes,he is./No,he isn’t.

  Part B:-What’s she like?-She’s kind/...

  •语法:人称代词与系动词的搭配

  肯定 否定

  be动词后加not

  一般疑问

  be动词移到主语前

  一般疑问否定

  一般疑问回答

  肯定和否定

  I am…=I’m….

  I am not…=I’m not...

  Am I…?

  Am not I…?

  Yes,I’m.

  No,I’m not.

  You are…=you’re…

  You are not…=You aren’t…

  Are you…?

  Are not you...?=Aren’t you…?

  Yes,you are.

  No,you are not.

  SheHeIt is…=

  SheHeIt is not…=SheHeIt isn’t…

  Is sheheit…?

  Is not sheheit…?=Isn’t sheheit…?

  Yes,sheheIt is.

  No,sheheIt is not.

  We are=We’re

  We are not…=We aren’t…

  Are we…?

  Are not we…?=Aren’t we…?

  Yes,we are.

  No,we are not.

  They are=They’re

  They are not…=They aren’t

  Are they…?

  Are not they…?=Aren’t they…?

  Yes,they are.

  No,they are not.

  •语音:-y:baby happy windy sunny sorry<i>

  •其它:Ms Wang will be our new Chinese teacher.由will引导的一般将来时将在五下第四单元正式学习,这里作为铺垫。

  •情感态度:能够看到他人身上的优点,正确评价别人,不以貌取人。


  Unit 2 My week

  •话题:星期、课程安排、周末活动、生活习惯

  •重点词汇:Part A:Monday,Tuesday,Wednesday,Thursday,Friday,

  Saturday,Sunday,weekend

  Part B:wash my clothes,watch TV,do homework,read

  books,play football

  •核心句型:Part A:-What do you have on Thursdays?

  –I have maths,...

  Part B:-Do you often read books in this park?

  -Yes,I do./No,I don’t.

  •语法:简单合成词的构成(主要是名词+名词)比如:Mon+day=Monday;class+room=classroom

  •语音:ee:feet beef meet/ea:tea read eat[i:]

  •其它:Who’s your music teacher?Is he strict?复现了前一单元的核心句型。

  •情感态度:合理安排日常活动


  Unit 3 What would you like?

  •话题:食品与饮料、饮食与健康

  •重点词汇:Part A:sandwich,salad,hamburger,ice cream,tea

  Part B:fresh,healthy,delicious,hot,sweet

  •核心句型:Part A:-What would you like to eat/drink?-I’d like...

  Part B:-What’s your favourite food?-Noodles/...

  •语法:名词的单复数变化

  A:规则的可数名词的复数变化规则:

  1.一般情况

  加s:book--books mouth---mouths house---houses girl---girls

  2.以s、sh、ch、x结尾的加es:class---classes box----boxes match----matches

  3.辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i加es:city---cities country----countries party----parties factory----factories

  4.以o结尾的词+es的只有以下词:heroes Negroes tomatoes potatoes zeroes/zeros

  以o结尾并且词尾有两个元音字母+s radios,zoos,bamboos,(pianos,kilos photos)

  5.以f,fe结尾的变f或fe为v+es:

  thief wife life knife wolf half leaf shelf

  •语音:ow:cow flower wow down/slow snow yellow window[əu]

  •其它:-What would you like to?-I’d like...交际用语曾经在四年级上册第五单元学习过,本单元在学习主要是强调to eat/to drink。

  •情感态度:合理饮食,注意营养搭配

  •文化意识:中西方不同的饮食文化,如早餐食品的不同、中国生日吃长寿面等。


  Unit 4 What can you do?

  •话题:家务劳动、文体活动

  •重点词汇:

  Part A:dance,sing English songs,do kung fu,draw cartoons,play the pipa

  Part B:swim,speak English,cook,play basketball,play pingpong

  •核心句型:Part A:-What can you do for the party?

  –I can sing English songs/...

  Part B:-Can you do any kung fu?-Yes,I can./No,I can’t.

  •语法:定冠词the的简单用法

  用定冠词的情况:特指双方熟悉,上文已经提起。世上独一无二,方位名词乐器。某些专有名词,还有复数姓氏。序数词最高级,习惯用语要牢记。

  不用定冠词的情况:球类运动。

  •语音:oo:book look football good<u>

  oo:balloon food zoo noodles[u:]

  •其它:本单元can句型表示的是“能力”,与三上五单元学习的Can I have some water,please?中的can所表达的含义不一样。

  •情感态度:能够认识自己和他人的能力,对他人所具备的能力表示赞赏。

  •文化意识:do kung fu渗透中国文化


  Unit 5 There is a big bed

  •话题:室内陈设、位置关系、环境保护、生活用品

  •重点词汇:Part A:bike,clock,photo,plant,water bottle

  Part B:in front of,beside,between,behind,above

  •核心句型:Part A:There is a...

  Part B:There are...

  •语法:there be结构的陈述句形式

  There be结构主要用以表达"某处(某时)有某人(某物)",其基本句型为"There be+某物或某人+某地或某时",其中there是引导词,没有词义;be是谓语动词;"某人或某物"是句子的主语;"某地或某时"作句子的状语,多是介词短语。如:There is a football under the chair.椅子下面有一个足球。

  •语音:ai:rainy rainbow paint wait ay:say way birthday Monday[ei]

  •其它:They’re my grandmother’s plants.所有格是五下第五单元的学习内容,这里作为铺垫。

  •情感态度:将房间物品摆放整齐,不乱放东西。

  •文化意识:卧室文化,发达国家的小朋友会有自己的卧室。


  Unit 6 In a nature park

  •话题:自然景观、环境保护

  •重点词汇:Part A:forest,hill,river,mountain,lake

  Part B:house,tree,building,bridge,village

  •核心句型:Part A:-Is there a river in the forest?-Yes,there is./No,there isn’t.

  Part B:-Are there any tall buildings in the nature park?

  -Yes,there are./No,there aren’t.

  •语法:there be结构的一般疑问句形式

  找出be动词,再把be移到there的前面来,如果有some的时候,把some改成any。当句子中出现第一人称物主代词my,our时,要把它们改为第二人称物主代词your.

  •语音:ou:house mouse sound count[au]

  •情感态度:感受自然的美,保护环境。

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